A ROOT CANAL (RCT)  is a treatment used to repair and save a tooth that is badly decayed or becomes infected. It is one of the most common treatment done in a dental office. Initiating this treatment immediately removes the pain of the tooth.

First step is to remove the decayed portion of the tooth, followed byremoval of  the nerve and pulp. Then  the inside of the tooth is cleaned and sealed. Without treatment, the tissue surrounding the tooth will become infected and abscesses may form.

“Root canal” is the term used to describe the natural cavity within the center of the tooth. The pulp or pulp chamber is the soft area within the root canal.

The tooth’s nerve lies within the root canal. A tooth’s nerve is not vitally important to a tooth’s health and function after the tooth has emerged through the gums. Its only function is sensory — to provide the sensation of hot or cold. The presence or absence of a nerve will not affect the day-to-day functioning of the tooth.

Root canal treatment is a dental procedure to treat infection at the centre of a tooth (the root canal system). Root canal treatment is also called endodontic treatment.

The infection is caused by bacteria that live in the mouth and invade the tooth when:

  • Tooth decay occurs
  • Fillings leak
  • Teeth are damaged by trauma, such as a fall

What Are the Signs that a Root Canal Is Needed?

Most common sign is continous pain of the tooth, that aggrevates while lying down. Swelling of gums  aroung the tooth is also a symptom of tooth in need of RCT.

Sometimes no symptoms are present; however, signs you may need a root canal include:

  • Severe toothache pain upon chewing or application of pressure
  • Prolonged sensitivity/pain to heat or cold temperatures (after the hot or cold has been removed)
  • Discoloration (a darkening) of the tooth
  • Swelling of cheek outside the tooh.
  • A persistent or recurring pimple on the gums

A denture is a removable replacement for missing teeth and surrounding tissues. Two types of dentures are available – complete and partial dentures. Complete dentures are used when all the teeth are missing, while partial dentures are used when some natural teeth remain

Complete Dentures

Complete dentures can be either “conventional” or “immediate.” Made after the teeth have been removed and the gum tissue has begun to heal, a conventional denture is ready for placement in the mouth about 8 to 12 weeks after the teeth have been removed.

Unlike conventional dentures, immediate dentures are made in advance and can be positioned as soon ashe teeth are removed. As a result, the wearer does not have to be without teeth during the healing period. However, bones and gums shrink over time, especially during the healing period following tooth removal. Therefore a disadvantage of immediate dentures compared with conventional dentures is that they require more adjustments to fit properly during the healing process and generally should only be considered a temporary solution until conventional dentures can be made.

Partial Dentures

A removable partial denture or bridge usually consists of replacement teeth attached to a pink or gum-colored plastic base, which is connected by metal framework that holds the denture in place in the mouth. Partial dentures are used when one or more natural teeth remain in the upper or lower jaw. A fixed (permanent) bridge replaces one or more teeth by placing crowns on the teeth on either side of the space and attachingartificial teeth to them. This “bridge” is then cemented into place. Not only does a partial denture fill in the spaces created by missing teeth, it prevents other teeth from changing position. A precision partial denture is removable and has internal attachments rather than clasps that attach to the adjacent crowns. This is a more natural-looking appliance

Flexi – Dentures

There has been recent advancement in dentistry for replacement of teeth which provides you with many choices which are more comfortable and even more aesthetical. Flexi dentures is one of the innovative example

Those days are gone when hard dentures used to cause discomfort and apply excess pressure onunderlying bone “Flexi dentures” are boon solution for such problems

Flexi dentures are dentures partial or complete which are made of flexible plastic material which has inbuilt flexibility to distribute forces equally on the underlying tissues avoiding a specific pressure point which causes discomfort, and prevent forces on natural teeth. The color of these dentures is translucent pink which is very much close to the color of gums giving a natural appearance and even clasps are made of same material. Since there is absence of metal attachment like clasp, aesthetics is obvious advantage. Also the color of the material is translucent pink which helps blending it with the gums and does not give radiant look of acrylic.

Flexi-Dentures works like magic for patients, who are concerned about looks, comfort and suits their personality. Flexi-Dentures can also be replacement or solution where patients suffer from irregular jaw bone which cannot be managed by conventional dentures. Flexi-Dentures also works fine for the patients who are allergic to conventional acrylic denture and also save patients routine maintenance visits. Also in cases Flexi-Dentures works absolutely like a boon where fixed restoration is out of financial reach. Flexi-Dentures have a low frequency of denture breakage compared to other dentures.

Implant – Supported Dentures

Implant supported denture is a type of over denture that is supported by and attached to implants. A regular denture rests on the gums, and is not supported by implants. In this type 4-6 implants are placed in the bone over which the complete denture is attached

Implant supported denture is used when a person doesn’t have any teeth in the jaw, but has enough bone in the jaw to support implants. They denture has special attachments that snap onto attachments on the implants.

They usually are made for the lower jaw because conventional dentures tend to be less stable there. Usually, a conventional denture made to fit an upper jaw is quite stable on its own and doesn’t need the extra support offered by implants. However, you can receive tooth-supported denture in either the upper or lower jaw.

A dental crown is a tooth-shaped “cap” that is placed over a tooth – covering the tooth to restore its shape and size, strength, and/or to improve its appearance.

Teeth are first reduced in size, are a model are made and over that crown is fabricated from a qualified lab technician.

The crowns, when cemented into place, fully encase the entire visible portion of a tooth that lies at and above the gum line.

What Types of Crowns Are Available?

Permanent crowns can be made from all metal, porcelain-fused-to-metal, all resin, or all ceramic.


used in crowns include gold alloy, other alloys ( for example, palladium ) or a base-metal alloy ( for example, nickel or chromium ). Compared with other crown types, less tooth structure needs to be removed with metal crowns, and tooth wear to opposing teeth is kept to a minimum. Metal crowns withstand biting and chewing forces well and probably last the longest in terms of wear down.

Also, metal crowns rarely chip or break. The metallic color is the main drawback. Metal crowns are a good choice for out-of-sight molars.


Dental crowns provide the best natural color match than any other crown type and may be more suitable for people with metal allergies. However, they are not as strong as porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns and they wear down opposing teeth a little more than metal or resin crowns. All-ceramic crowns are a good choice for front teeth.



Dental bridges are of great advantage as they literally bridge the gap created by one or more missing teeth. Also bridge is made up of two crowns for the teeth on either side of the gap and false tooth/teeth in between. These false teeth can be made from gold, alloys, porcelain, or a combination of these materials. Dental bridges are supported by natural teeth or implants.

Dental bridges help your ability for proper chewing and speaking also maintaining the shape of your face making your smile natural.

Dental bridges also help other remaining teeth from drifting out of position.

Dental filling is a type of restorative dentistry treatment used to repair minimal tooth fractures, tooth decay or otherwise damaged surfaces of the teeth. Dental filling materials, which include composite, porcelain and silver amalgam, may be used to even out tooth surfaces for better biting or chewing.9Enamel loss is a common component of tooth decay, and may result in tooth sensitivity. In many cases, tooth sensitivity caused by enamel loss will be significantly improved or completely eliminated once an appropriate dental filling material is placed. There are different types of dental fillings:

  • Silver Filling
  • Composite filling
  • GIC filling (Pedo)

Dental scaling is the most common non-surgical way to treat gum disease, which is also known as periodontitis. If your disease is moderate, but not severe, Smile n’ Braces may recommend scaling to treat the disease and keep it from getting worse. But if you have severe periodontal disease and your condition may require gum surgery, smile n braces may recommend a scaling and root planning before the surgery, as well as a thorough teeth-cleaning prior to the procedure.The sticky, bacteria-filled plaque that causes gum disease tends to accumulate in the area along and just below the gum line, your teeth are continually bathed in saliva which contains calcium and other substances which help strengthen and protect the teeth. Dental Scaling involve removing plaque which is soft, sticky, bacteria infested film and also tartar deposits that have built up on the teeth over time. Also If you have gums that are slightly receded from your teeth, you may be at increased risk for gum disease and your dentist may recommend scaling. Scaling is nonsurgical, but it is a different type of procedure from a standard dental cleaning because it involves cleaning the areas of the tooth below the gum line.Smile n’ Braces recommends to visit them every six months for healthier teeth. At Smile n’ Braces there are two types of scaling instruments:

  • Scaling with hand-held instruments. Where we will use a dental scaler and curette to manually remove (scale) the plaque from the teeth. Because the dentist or dental hygienist can’t see the plaque, they rely on touch to identify areas of tartar buildup and rough spots.
  • Scaling with ultrasonic instruments. Ultrasonic scaling instruments clean plaque from the teeth with a vibrating metal tip that chips off the tartar and a water spray to wash it away and keep the tip cool.

Many teeth whitening10 systems are available, including whitening toothpastes, over-the-counter gels, rinses, and trays, and whitening agents obtained from a dentist. Teeth whitening is ideal for people who have healthy, unrestored teeth (no fillings) and gums. Individuals with yellow tones to their teeth respond best. But this cosmetic procedure is not recommended for everyone Come toSmile n Braces to find out if teeth whitening is right for you.

Many teeth A dental implant is an artificial root, for a replacement tooth. They are integrated into the jaw bone and replacement teeth are permanently bound to them usually by a screw attachment. A consultation with Smile n’ Braces will establish whether dental implants are a potential and recommended option for you.Smile n’ Braces is qualified and experience to carry out the procedure themselves, that’s what makes us popular.In order to be eligible for dental implant surgery, the bone of the jaw must be substantial enough to accommodate the implants.To establish this, an X-Ray on the jaw is conducted. If you do not have sufficient jaw bone for dental implants, it is possible to graft bone from another area such as your chin. In addition to adequate jaw bone, potential candidates for dental implants must be in good health, with existing oral and gum health and a lifestyle conducive to implant recovery. Metal cylinders are placed inside the jawbone in place of the missing root.Dental implants are usually made of titanium, this is because titanium is an inert material that does not react or change state. This avoids problems that would arise from other materials being rejected by our own living tissue. Next, the connector such as the screw is attached to the implant and lastly, the tooth is attached to the implant via the connector. These stages of the implant surgery may take between 3 and months in total.

Tooth extraction is the removal of a tooth from its socket in the bone. If a tooth has been broken or damaged by decay, We shall try to fix it with a filling, crown or other treatment. Sometimes, though, there’s too much damage for the tooth to be repaired there lies no other option for saving the tooth then only we go for extracting a tooth.Below are the few reasons:

  • Some people have extra teeth that block other teeth from coming in.
  • People getting braces may need teeth extracted to create room for the teeth that are being moved into place.
  • People receiving radiation to the head and neck may need to have teeth in the field of radiation extracted.
  • People receiving cancer drugs may develop infected teeth. These drugs weaken the immune system, increasing the risk of infection. Infected teeth may need to be extracted.
  • People receiving an organ transplant may need some teeth extracted if the teeth could become sources of infection after the transplant. People with organ transplants have a high risk of infection because they must take drugs that decrease or suppress the immune system.
  • Wisdom teeth, also called third molars, are often extracted either before or after they come in. They commonly come in during the late teens or early 20s. These teeth often get stuck in the jaw (impacted) and do not come in. They need to be removed if they are decayed or cause pain. Some wisdom teeth are blocked by other teeth or may not have enough room to come in completely. This can irritate the gum, causing pain and swelling. In this case, the tooth must be removed.